- Certification Overview
- Part 91 Certification
- Part 135 Certification
- Part 135 Single Pilot Certification
- Part 145 Certification
FAA Certifications-Working with the FAA, Working with ACCG
Part 91, 91K, 135, and 135 Single Pilot Certifications
This area describes the various certifications and the FAA process related to that certification. The Overview Page ( here) describes information that applies to all the certifications. Select the appropriate tab above for more information about your certification project.
See the information below and make sure that you can complete all that will
be required by the FAA for your certification. In most cases these items
are required without exception. Air Carrier Compliance Group will provide
the necessary documents and guide you throughout your inspections even
after your certification is complete; however, you will be closely monitored
for about a year to see if you are complying with everything you said
you would do in your manuals. You must become thoroughly familiar with
all your manuals and the related regulations to do this. Compliance will
ensure a good standing relationship with your FAA Certification Team,
but most importantly you will fly safe!
ACCG Services; Summary of Events
As mentioned many times throughout the site, you must become thoroughly
familiar with the applicable Federal Aviation Regulations and your manuals.
We have worked out a process of interaction during manual development that helps you understand both the regulations and your manuals.
A typical scenario: After we input
the information for your air charter company into the statement of compliance
(the first of the large documents), it will be sent to you for review
followed by necessary or desired changes. Then that copy is sent to the
FAA for their initial review. Should the FAA request changes, and they
usually do, the process is reversed so that you remain in the information
We do the MANUAL work for you!
All certification projects include manuals that are custom made to your operational needs.
PART 91 MANUALS
Flight Operations Manuals
Minimum Equipment Lists
Non Essential Furnishings
PART 91K CERTIFICATIONS
Statement of Compliance
Program Operations Manual
PART 135 CERTIFICATIONS
Single pilot certifications
Basic and Full certifications
Statement of Compliance
General Operations Manual
FAR Part 135 Certification Guidance
Note: This information is from an FAA Principle Operations Inspector
(no name was attached). Their are many similar guidance reviews available
on local FSDO web sites, however this is one of the best that I have found
This guide is intended to present, in a logical sequence, the steps which
you must go through in obtaining your FAR part 135 Air Carrier Operating
The complexity of the process depends primarily on the complexity of
your proposed operation, and ranges from a simple single pilot operation
using a single engine airplane or helicopter under VFR to a complex charter
operation employing many pilots and operating numerous turbine powered
aircraft. Scheduled Commuter operations or those involving aircraft of
more than nineteen passenger seats are considered beyond the scope of
The FAA classifies operators into 4 classes, depending on
These classes are:
The Certification Process
- Single Pilot Operator. An operator using only one pilot. This is typically
an owner-pilot operation using a single engine airplane or helicopter
under VFR. It could also include a single pilot operation using a light
twin under IFR with an approved autopilot in place of a second pilot.
- Single Pilot-in-Command Operator. An operator that uses only a single
crew for an aircraft requiring two pilots. Only one pilot may be pilot
in command. Any other pilots, up to a maximum of three, must be only second-in-command.
- Basic Operator. A Basic Operator is one that has a fairly simple operation
without multiple bases of operation or other complicating factors and
employs five pilots or less, and operates five aircraft or less.
- Standard Operator. Any operator that employs more than five pilots
or conducts operations of a complex nature involving more than one aircraft
base or pilot domicile.
Regardless of the complexity of your operation, the step by step process
toward obtaining your certificate is essentially the same. It involves
gaining a clear understanding of what you must do, submission of documents
to the FAA for review and approval, training your personnel, having your
facilities, record keeping system, and aircraft inspected by the FAA,
having pilots complete competency checks by the FAA, and finally, receiving
The First Step - Pre-application Statement of Intent
The first formal action that you will take is submitting to the FAA a
Pre-application Statement of Intent. It uses FAA form 8400-6, and is a
broad and general description of your proposed operation. It identifies
your key personnel and contact telephone numbers, and describes in a general
way the complexity of your operation.
This Pre-application Statement of Intent is what gets the machinery in
motion toward certification. Upon receiving it, the FAA Flight Standards
District Office will assign which inspectors will be your Principal Inspectors.
There will be a Principal Operations Inspector, a Principal Airworthiness
Inspector, and a Principal Avionics Inspector. Generally, any one of the
three Inspectors could be your primary contact person at the FAA during
the certification process. The Principal Operations Inspector will be
responsible for your manual, training program, and pilots. The Principal
Airworthiness Inspector will be your contact person for matters relating
to the aircraft, airworthiness and maintenance programs, and the Principal
Avionics Inspector will be the person who makes sure that requirements
relating to the installation and maintenance of aircraft avionics equipment
are dealt with.
After the FAA District Office receives your Pre-application Statement
of Intent, You will be contacted and an appointment made for a meeting
at the FAA District Office. It will be at this meeting that details of
your operation will be discussed, specific requirements decided upon,
and a timetable for certification steps established. All your key management
personnel, including the Chief Executive Officer, Director of Operations,
Chief Pilot, and Director of Maintenance should plan on attending this
meeting. Depending on the complexity of your operation, further meetings
with appropriate members of your management team may be required to deal
with specific matters.
Preparation of Documents
Once the requirements for your particular operation have been established,
you will be preparing various documents, manuals, and establishing management
systems as required for your individual situation. You will be preparing
your Letter of Compliance. During this period, you and your management
personnel will have frequent contact with the Principal Inspectors to
iron out the details and obtain approval and acceptance of specific requirements.
Training programs must be approved, manuals reviewed and accepted, and
various aircraft maintenance programs and procedures must be approved.
The contents of your Operations Specifications will be finalized. You
must also submit registration documents and proof of insurance to the
Department of Transportation in Washington.
Preparation for Certification
After your training program has received initial approval, you will be
training your pilots in accordance with this program. If you have company
check airmen, they will be observed by the FAA while conducting initial
checks of other pilots. If you do not have company check airmen, the FAA
will conduct the competency checks after the training has been completed.
During this period, you will be making the initial training records for
your company personnel, bringing your aircraft up to standards including
re-weighing of aircraft if required, and ensuring that all provisions
of your maintenance program have been complied with.
Once all systems are in place and all documents have been approved or
accepted, and after your aircraft meet all requirements and your pilots
have been trained and checked, you are ready to make formal application
for certification. This is done on FAA form 8000-6, and is your statement
that you meet all requirements to hold an Air Carrier Operating Certificate.
After receipt of your application form, the FAA district office will
schedule a final inspection. This inspection will cover your record keeping
systems, a physical inspection of your aircraft and its records, and will
ensure that all systems and methods of compliance are actually in place.
During this time, the FAA will be preparing your Operations Specifications,
and upon successful completion of the inspection, these Operations Specifications
and your Operating Certificate will be given to you.
Following are some of the requirements for certification which may merit
special attention. It is by no means a complete list.
Letter of Compliance
During the preparation for certification, you will be asked to compose
a Letter of Compliance. This is a document that serves to create a common
understanding between you and the FAA that you have the ability and mechanisms
in place to conduct an operation in full compliance with all the appropriate
regulations. It serves to ensure that you are aware of and have considered
each portion and part of the regulation as it applies to your particular
operation. This document is a list of each regulation, starting with FAR
135.1 and continuing to the end. Each regulation is listed together with
your company's individual method of meeting the requirement of that regulation.
It is up to you and you only to establish the means and method to address
each requirement. A sample Letter of Compliance, appropriate to a typical
Basic Operator is included as Appendix A at the end of this guide.
General Operations Manual
Unless you are a single pilot or single pilot-in-command operator, you
must develop an operations manual for your use in telling your employees
what procedures must be followed by them in conducting the company's operations.
This manual may contain any policy or procedure guidance that you wish,
but MUST contain detailed procedures for a number of specific areas which
are set forth in FAR 135. The required subjects are given in FAR 135.23,
135.79, 135.123, 135.173 and 135.175.
Flight Locating Procedures
You are required to establish procedures to ensure that if a flight becomes
overdue, timely notification is given to search and rescue authorities
so that a search for the overdue aircraft can begin as soon as possible.
While filing of a FAA Flight Plan will accomplish this in many cases,
there are still some circumstances where the filing or closing of a flight
plan may not be practical. These procedures must be written and must be
explicit. The name or position of the person responsible for flight progress
monitoring, the method that the pilot uses in notifying this person of
the flight's progress, and the exact steps for the designated person to
take should a flight become overdue must be given. Note that this procedure
must ensure the same level of safety and timeliness that would be achieved
if a FAA flight plan was filed. It must provide for the same information
to be recorded as a FAA flight plan as specified in FAR 91.83. This procedure
may be contained in the operations manual, but if your company is not
required to have a manual, this procedure must still be written and furnished
to the FAA district office for review and acceptance. A sample written
Flight Locating procedure is included as Appendix D. Management Personnel.
FAR 135.37 requires that each certificate holder have a Director of Operations,
a Chief Pilot, and a Director of Maintenance. FAR 135.39 gives the required
qualifications for these persons. If you are a single pilot operator,
you are not required to have these personnel. A Single Pilot-in-Command
and a Basic Operator may combine these positions into two and in some
circumstances, one position, but the person designated as holding the
combined positions must meet all the requirements for all of the positions.
The main requirement, in addition to holding the required certificates,
is that the person must have three years experience as pilot-in-command
IN FAR 135 OPERATIONS in the case of Director of Operations and Chief
Pilot, and three years experience as a mechanic maintaining the same category
and class of aircraft in the case of Director of Maintenance. While the
regulations allow for the FAA to approve a deviation from these requirements,
this deviation is usually approved only if the person comes quite close
to meeting the requirements AND has significant other pertinent experience.
Persons Having Operational Control
FAR 135.77 requires that each certificate holder exercise Operational
Control of each flight. This means that the company itself, not individual
pilots, customers, or others, must actively make the necessary decisions
regarding dispatch of flights, compliance with regulations, etc. You may
designate whatever company personnel you wish to exercise this operational
control, but their names must be specifically listed in the operations
All certificate holders, whether or not they have a pilot training program,
and whether or not they elect to transport hazardous materials, must have
a written hazardous material training program. This program may be fairly
simple for a single pilot operator who does not carry hazardous materials.
limited simply to a program dealing with how to recognize hazardous materials
should they be presented by a customer for shipment. For a operator who
decides to offer the service of carriage of these materials, the training
program must include all of the subjects listed in FAR 135.333. This written
training program will be evaluated by the FAA Regional Office hazardous
materials specialist who is assigned to the Air Transportation Security
I'm ready, How do I get started?
Provided you have an airplane, a pilot, and a basic plan of your air transportation service, your ready to get started on your paperwork.
Enlisting ACCG to assist you with your certification requires a simple form about your company and down payment for us to get started. You can get Customer Order Forms here; Email or give us a call (561-373-5962) today!
Part 91 Subpart K Certifications for Fractional Operators
The more you are prepared for your part 91 certification that easier it will be to complete. Below is must have resources, reviewing it now will save a lot of time during the FAA application process.
Part 91 Reference Documents
|FAA Inspectors Handbook
||Information the FAA inspectors use as a guide during certifications. Keep in mind that it is the OPERATORS responsibility to maintain compliance with the Federal Aviation Regulations.
|14 CFR Part 91
||Copy of the 14 CFR Part 91 Subpart K of the Federal Aviation Regulations. It may appear to be written in code but its really straight forward. This is your list, the most important list, that you need for compliance.
||Be sure to review the latest Advisory Circulars at www.faa.gov that are related to Part 91k certification and running fractional airline.
ACCG Creates Your Manuals & Gets FAA Approval ASAP!
Certifications, manuals, forms and more; call 561-373-5962 or email for a quote.
ACCG Suggested Reading
- Review the appropriate sections of the Inspectors Handbook regarding new certifications. The Inspectors perform many other duties, and quite often have completed few new certifications. Your knowledge of the procedures will help.
- Remember the actual procedures will vary from FSDO to FSDO and from Inspector to Inspector.
- We have found that most inspectors follow the procedures outlined in the Inspectors Handbook, while some use the Gate System. The important thing is to learn how your inspector wants things done, and then do it that way. We have found that it rarely pays off arguing with the inspector.
- Stay on top of it. Don't hesitate to call your inspector if you don't here from him (or her). Quite often, due to reasons unknown, phone calls will not be returned so you will have to keep calling until you get what you need.
Required Manuals for Operations
Program Operating Manual (POM)
This manual contains information about your general policies, duties, responsibilities of personnel, operational control policy, and procedures. Part 91, subpart K requires that your manuals include instructions and information that allow your personnel to perform their duties and responsibilities.
ACCG will work closely together with the Program Manager and develop the procedures for your specific operation.
Part 91 Application Process for Part
91 Subchapter K
Below is a summary of the Fractional Program application process. Variations
will exist by operator size and complexity. The information is extracted from the latest draft of the the Fractional's certification advisory circular, additional detail may be found at http://www.faa.gov.
Notice the "Gates" are back! So far this is how we have seen the FAA inspectors conduct the certification procedures. It has been followed closely.
Most of this information is taken from the applicable AC's and Inspectors Handbook, but we condensed the information down to the more pertinent. If you want the full versions go to the FAA web site: http://www.faa.gov
Certifications using the Gate system
The Gate system is typically used (not always) for Part 91 Sub-K certifications. When used, it provides a logical and chronological order of the events and documents that must take place in each Phase. All the Phases must be complete to proceed to the next gate.
Phase I Pre-Application
1. Initial contact meeting
2. Second meeting/contact
3. Formal transition meeting
Phase II Application
1. Formal application meeting
2. Submit application schedule
3. Submit required documents
4. Submit transition plan
Phase III Document Compliance and review
- Program operating manual
- Aircraft checklist
- Inspection program
- Flight attendant manual
- Minimum equipment list
- Passenger briefing cards
- Fueling/refueling procedures
- Weight/balance control procedures
- Hazardous materials procedures
- Security procedures
- Check pilots
Review Training Curriculums:
- Hazardous materials
- Maintenance personnel
- Inspection personnel
- Ground handling/servicing
- Owner contracts
- Training contracts
- Maintenance contracts
- Servicing contracts
- Alcohol/Drug Education
- Final compliance statement
- Proving test plan
- Management specifications work sheet
- Training schedules
Phase IV Demonstration and Proving
- Proving Tests
- Validation Tests
- Table-top demonstrations
- Passenger handling procedures
- Monitor Flightcrew Training
- Flight Crewmember:
- Basic indoctrination
- Emergency training
- 91K transition training
- Proficiency checks
- Line checks
- Check pilot transition training
- Maintenance Training:
- Inspection personnel
- Flight Attendants:
- Basic indoctrination
- Emergency training
- Competency checks
- Competency check
- Aircraft conformity inspections
- Principal base of operations inspection
- Maintenance base inspections
Phase V. Documentation
Issue Management Specifications
These events are a close approximate as to what will take place during FAA certification. They do differ among different FSDO's and Principle Operations Inspectors.
Phase I - Preapplication.
The applicant should contact the nearest FAA Flight Standards District
Office (FSDO) and inform them of the intent to apply for Management Specifications.
You will be asked to schedule an appointment to discuss the proposed operation
and to meet with an FAA representative.
A. Initial Contact Meeting.
The FAA will use this meeting to make sure that you fully understand
the application process by providing detailed explanations of specific
requirements. Key management personnel are required to attend this meeting
and be prepared to discuss, in general terms, the plans of the proposed
operation. Many problems can be avoided by discussing all aspects of the
proposed operation and the requirements that must be accomplished before
being issued Management Specifications.
- At this meeting, FSDO personnel will brief
you on the basic information and general application requirements. If
you intend to proceed with the application process, the FSDO will give
you FAA Worksheet 8400-91K, Statement of Intent (SOI). A sample of this
worksheet and instructions for completing it are in Appendix 1. You should
complete and sign the SOI and return it to the FSDO.
- The FSDO will review the phase/gates concept
with you, as described in the Phase I flow chart shown above.
- The FSDO will then give you an application
package, which will include the following documents (or an Internet web
site where the documents can be retrieved):
- AC 91-FRACTIONAL
- Applicable sections of FAA Orders 8900.10
- Fractional Ownership rule and preamble
- Preapplication Statement of Intent (SOI)
- Parts 91, 119, and 135, as applicable
- Applicable job aids and checklists
- Schedule of events that outlines the approval process
Be prepared to discuss, in general terms, the plans of your proposed
B. Second Meeting/Contact.
During the second meeting, you should be prepared to:
- Identify locations for training, maintenance, and principal base of
- Submit documentation to substantiate a Fractional Ownership Program
or Business Plan (including a sample contract depicting the regulatory
- Submit the completed SOI
- Submit proposed application schedule
- Identify management representatives
Gate and Phase NOTE: Once the FSDO has accepted everything
in the pre-application phase, you may begin Phase II.
Phase II – FORMAL Application.
The regulations state that an application for Management Specifications
shall be made in a form and manner acceptable to the FAA. You should make
a formal application by a letter that includes a request to be issued
Management Specifications to conduct operations under part 91, subpart
K. The letter should include a mailing address and indicate the full name,
title, and address of the designated agent for service, if other than
the program manager.
You should submit the formal application a minimum of 90 days before
operations are to begin, and preferably as far in advance of the proposed
start-up date as possible. When you have fully developed the formal application,
forward it to the assigned FSDO.
The applicant will be notified by letter whether the formal application
is accepted or rejected. FAA acceptance of a formal application does not
constitute approval or acceptance of individual attachments. These documents
will be thoroughly evaluated during subsequent phases of the application
process. If the formal application is not accepted, it will be returned
with a written explanation of the reasons for its return.
At this time, the FSDO will form an application team and assign an inspector
as the project manager. The project manager will be your point of contact
at the FSDO for all matters related to your application.
FSDO Team Actions
After you submit your application, the FSDO team will:
- Review the application package to confirm that it contains the required
information and attachments. If there are omissions or errors, the team
will return the formal application and all attachments to you with a
letter outlining the reasons for its return.
- Initiate electronic Management Specifications installation and training.
Formal Application Meeting
Once the application team has reviewed your application, they will schedule
a formal application meeting. All of your key management personnel should
attend the formal application meeting. If you have a comprehensive understanding
of the requirements of part 91, subpart K, you should be able to resolve
any omissions, deficiencies, or open questions during this meeting. The
meeting will focus on the practicality of the schedule of events. The
FAA team will fully discuss and explain the subsequent phases of the application
process. You should ask for clarification of any item or event that you
do not clearly understand. The FAA project manager will not formally accept
the application during the meeting which will allow you time to resolve
any deficiencies discussed during the meeting. At the formal application
meeting, you must:
- Provide the acceptance letter that you received from the FAA following
the submission of the application.
- Submit all required programs and documents, as follows:
DOCUMENT COMPLIANCE (Varies By Operator)
Management Personnel Resumes and Documentation.
Program managers requesting continuous airworthiness maintenance program
(CAMP) shall provide a resume outlining the qualifications and experience
applicable management personnel. Additionally, personnel authorized to
sign MSpecs and designated as a company point of contact should be identified.
Program Operating Manual (POM).
This manual or sections of manuals contain information about your general
policies, duties, responsibilities of personnel, operational control policy,
and procedures. Part 91, subpart K requires that your manuals include
instructions and information that allow your personnel to perform their
duties and responsibilities. Section 91.1025 prescribes the content of
these manuals. You should provide a draft outline of the major parts of
all required manuals before gate II.
Program Operating Manual (POM) GENERAL
The program manager is required by section 91.1023 to prepare and keep
current a POM that sets forth procedures and policies acceptable to the
Administrator. When applicable, the manual shall contain the contents
required by section 91.1025 in enough detail so that the program manager’s
flight, ground, and maintenance personnel may properly perform their assigned
duties. During the preparation of the POM, a program manager shall ensure
that no conflict with the regulations exists that would prevent the FAA’s
acceptance of the POM.
The program manager is responsible for developing the policy and procedures
contained in the POM. The program manager must also submit it to the Administrator
for acceptance and approval, as applicable. The district office will provide
guidance to the Program Manager for developing their POM, should time
and resources be available. The district office will not draft or otherwise
prepare nor accept responsibility for developing the content of the manual.
Acceptance of the POM depends upon the program manager’s organizational
ability to develop and manage its proposed operation. Refer to the attachments
contained in Chapter 5 of this Advisory Circular for a sample program
operating manual outline and sample Destination Airport Analysis program.
(1) General Maintenance Manual. For programs that combine both part 91-K
and part 135 operations, this manual may be combined with the General
Operations Manual for part 135 Operators provided that all the required
contents for both manuals are included in the combined document and differences
in operations are clearly defined.
(2) Aircraft Maintenance Manuals/Programs.
- Inspection program
- Maintenance record keeping
- Emergency maintenance required records
(3) Weight and Balance Procedures/Program.
(4) Training Program. The training curriculum must be attached to the
formal application letter. Training curriculums must include at least
the following curriculum segments for each crewmember position:
- Basic indoctrination training
- Emergency training
- Initial aircraft ground training
- Initial aircraft flight training
- Any training programs outlined in 8900.10, applicable to part 135
(5) Aircraft Flight Manual.
(6) Aircraft Operations Manual (not required for part 91, subpart K operators
who choose to use the manufacturer’s approved Aircraft Flight Manual).
(7) MEL's, if applicable.
OTHER APPROVED PROGAMS, MANUALS, AND MATERIAL.
The following is a list of additional approved programs, manuals, and
- Configuration Deviation List (CDL), if applicable
- Cockpit checklist
- Passenger briefing cards
- Noise and emission plan, if applicable
- Airport Runway Analysis program (not required for non-transport category
- Exemption and deviation requests (if approved, they must be added
to the Management Specifications)
- Hazardous Materials Recognition Program
- Security Program (Coordinated with the POI, but issued by TSA)
- Flight Attendant Manual (required only for aircraft certificated to
carry more than 19 passengers or if operator chooses to carry a person
performing such duties)
- Dispatch/flight following/flight locating procedures
- Management Specifications (operations and airworthiness)
- Management Specifications worksheets
- Maintenance Reliability Program (optional)
- Proving and/or validation test plan\
- Emergency evacuation demonstration plan, if required
- Ditching demonstration plan, if required
- Continuous analysis and surveillance system for aircraft maintained
under a Continuous Airworthiness Maintenance Program (CAMP)
- Compliance statement
NOTE: On this attachment, you must list all part 91, subpart K regulations
that are applicable to your proposed operation (i.e., compliance statement).
You should identify applicable subparts and relevant sections of the subpart,
including a specific reference or a specific reference and brief description,
to a manual or other document. The brief description or reference must
describe the method of compliance for each regulation listed.
- Owner acknowledgment/contract requirements
- Flight Attendant training program curriculum and/or revisions, if
- Location of principal base of operations
- List of all DBA's the program manager may operate under
- List of aircraft
- Internal audit program
- Accident notification procedures
- Pilot safety background checks and procedures
- Location of the records repository (should be located at principal
base of operations)
- Any deviation requests
- Other requested authorizations
ACCG Creates Your Manuals & Gets FAA Approval ASAP!
Should you desire for us to make you manuals for you call 561-373-5962 or email for a quote.
Part 135 Certifications
How ACCG helps you get certified under 14 CFR Part 135.
Each operator's certification requirements will vary with the size and complexity of the operation, but at the very least each Part 135 will require an aircraft, a pilot, and a Principle Base of Operations (PBO). Of course this assumes that these assets are supported. Insurance, fuel, maintenance, and the like.
All First Time Applicants
We highly recommend reading the FAA certification documents referenced on this site. This will help you get familiar with the process, terms, and FAA procedures. In addition you must become very familiar with Part 135 of Federal Aviation Regulations, that goes without saying.
If you desire ACCG to help you with your Part 135 certification we will need some information about your proposed operation, type of aircraft, and operating areas. Please go to the Forms page, fill out the applicable form, and send it in to us. We will give you an accurate quotation and get you started right away.
How it works - Typical ACCG and Customer Flow
Part 135 Single Pilot Certification
About the Certification Process for Single Pilot Operators
The Single Pilot Operation is typically just that, one pilot and one airplane. Provisions also allow for Single Pilot in Command Certifications. Those are typically for 2 pilot required aircraft.
This information, together with the the FAA links and resources available here can get the average single pilot operator through the process. If it is your first time plan approximately 150-200 hours by the time you are finished. Regardless of whether you plan to do it on your own or hire ACCG to assist you, all new operators need to review the information contained on this page, including the applicable FAR's, especially Part 135.
How does this work?
The FAA uses different procedures for cert processing. They are all versions of the "Gate" system and that which you read about in the Advisory Circular
I want to get started
Again, a do-able task, but expect about 150-200 hours of your time for a Single Pilot Operator certification. The biggest task for the Single Pilot Operator is the Statement of Compliance. Download the FAA's Certification Information for Operating Under Part 135 and use it as a guide. The links contained in the document have pretty much all the information. We suggest getting a hold of a Schedule of Events also. It is a convenient document to track submissions and dates. Some Inspectors require it.
You should also review the Inspectors Handbook, just the parts regarding the type of certification that you will need.
Tools you will need to fly Part 135
In brief you will need a qualified pilot, a Part 135 ready aircraft, and your Base of Operations or PBO. All sustainable. Meaning the aircraft is 135 insured come time to fly 135, you have enough operating cash to support your operations for at least a few months, and the pilot's heart is beating.
The GATE System
GATE ONE REQUIREMENTS:
- Have Application For DOT Economic Authority
- Facility Selection For Training And Maintenance Completed
- Have Letters Of Intent For Lease Or Purchase Of Aircraft And Facilities
- Submission Of Completed PASI Form
- Submission Of Proposed Schedule Of Events
- Have Key Management Resumes And Personnel Available
GATE TWO REQUIREMENTS
- Formal Letter Of Application
- Have Purchased Or Leased Aircraft And Facilities
- Received "Order To Show Cause" From DOT
- Submitted All Required Documents
GATE THREE REQUIREMENTS
- All Manuals Reviewed, Discrepancies Corrected, And Approved/Accepted As Required
- Training Programs Initially Approved And Sufficient Personnel Trained
- Maintenance Programs Approved And Conformity Checks Completed Satisfactorily
- Facilities Evaluated And Found Satisfactory
- Evacuation Demonstrations Satisfactorily Completed
- Proving Run Schedule Reviewed And Accepted
- All Other Discrepancies And Open Questions Resolved Satisfactorily
Important Information from the FAA's Advisory Circular 120.49
The information below is a summary, for more detailed information
go to Advisory Circular 120-49.
A. This phase consists of the pre-application meeting with the FAA
and the applicant (you must attend). The inspector should discuss the
certification process in depth. Emphasis should be placed on the expectations
of the FAA, what the applicant should expect from the FAA, and the sequence
NOTE: At the end of the meeting, the inspector will give the applicant
a certification package. Upon completion of Gate One, FSDO personnel,
when available, will advise and counsel the applicant on document preparation
for Gate Two.
Gate Three requirements shall be completed prior to commencement of
All requirements of each Gate must be completed before proceeding through
the certification process to the next Gate.
B. Package of pre-certification Information. The pre-application meeting
between the CPM, other certification team members, and the applicant
sets the tone for the rest of the certification process. Therefore,
it is important to be thoroughly prepared. The CPM should review the
PASI and assemble a pre-certification information package to be given
to the applicant.
The pre-certification information package shall consist
of at least the following:
- AC 120-49, if not previously provided
- Applicable certification job aid
- Sample schedule of events format
- Applicable sample of operations specifications
- Other publications or documents the CPM considers appropriate (See
figure 188.8.131.52. for a job aid on cabin safety)
C. Briefing of the Applicant. At the pre-application meeting, the applicant
and any key personnel attending the meeting should be briefed in as
much detail as necessary to ensure that they understand the certification
process using the certification job aid and the schedule of events format
as guides to facilitate the discussion and to ensure that all elements
of the certification process are covered. The applicant should be encouraged
to ask questions about any area of the process not clearly understood.
Back to top of page
At the pre-application meeting, the form, content, and documents required
for formal application are discussed. The formal application must be
submitted to the assigned district office. The applicant is encouraged
to submit the application as far in advance as possible of the intended
The formal application must be in letter format and must contain the
(1) The full and official name of the applicant
(2) A statement that the document is a formal application for either
an air carrier or an operating certification.
(3) The applicant's mailing address and the physical address of the
applicant's intended primary operating location
(4) For an air carrier applicant, the full name and address of the
agent (designated person who has signature authority) for service as
required by Section 1005(b) of the FA Act of 1958, as amended
(5) The names of key management personnel, such as the General Manager,
Director of Operations, Director of Maintenance, Chief Pilot, and Chief
Inspector, as applicable
(6) A note added to the formal application letter if a request for
deviation from management personnel requirements is anticipated. The
request and justification for the deviation, however, shall be made
under separate cover.
(7) The signatures of the following as applicable:-
- The owner when applying as an individual.
- Each partner when applying as a partnership.
- An authorized officer when applying as an organization, such as a company
Formal Application Attachments
The formal application must be accompanied by the following:
(1) Schedule of Events The Schedule of Events lists documents, activities,
and acquisitions required for certification. Each item is accompanied
by the applicant's best estimate of the date the item will be submitted,
acquired, and/or ready for inspection.
(a) The number and types of events and activities that occur during
certification vary according to the operation proposed. The Schedule
of Events must list each document to be submitted, activity to be performed,
and the item to be inspected. The schedule must provide the FAA a reasonable
amount of time for the review and acceptance or approval of each item
(b) The Schedule of Events is intended to encourage an applicant to
submit material well in advance of the date operations are proposed
to begin. If, however, the application is submitted with only the minimum
lead time required by the regulation, complete documents (such as maintenance
manuals) may be required at the time of formal application.
(c) If the applicant plans to petition for exemption, processing time
must also be considered. FAR Section 11.25 requires that a petition
be submitted to AGC-204 at least 120 days before it is needed.