ACCG

Part 91 regulations for general aviation, air charter, and airlines
 

 

Title 14 - Aeronautics and Space

PART 91—General Operating and Flight Rules

 

Subpart A - General

 

§91.1

Applicability.

§91.3

Responsibility and authority of the pilot in command.

§91.5

Pilot in command of aircraft requiring more than one required pilot.

§91.7

Civil aircraft airworthiness.

§91.9

Civil aircraft flight manual, marking, and placard requirements.

§91.11

Prohibition on interference with crewmembers.

§91.13

Careless or reckless operation.

§91.15

Dropping objects.

§91.17

Alcohol or drugs.

§91.19

Carriage of narcotic drugs, marihuana, and depressant or stimulant drugs or substances.

§91.21

Portable electronic devices.

§91.23

Truth-in-leasing clause requirement in leases and conditional sales contracts.

§91.25

Aviation Safety Reporting Program: Prohibition against use of reports for enforcement purposes.

§§91.27-91.99

[Reserved]

 

 

 

Subpart B - Flight Rules

§91.101

Applicability.

§91.103

Preflight action.

§91.105

Flight crewmembers at stations.

§91.107

Use of safety belts, shoulder harnesses, and child restraint systems.

§91.109

Flight instruction; Simulated instrument flight and certain flight tests.

§91.111

Operating near other aircraft.

§91.113

Right-of-way rules: Except water operations.

§91.115

Right-of-way rules: Water operations.

§91.117

Aircraft speed.

§91.119

Minimum safe altitudes: General.

§91.121

Altimeter settings.

§91.123

Compliance with ATC clearances and instructions.

§91.125

ATC light signals.

§91.126

Operating on or in the vicinity of an airport in Class G airspace.

§91.127

Operating on or in the vicinity of an airport in Class E airspace.

§91.129

Operations in Class D airspace.

§91.130

Operations in Class C airspace.

§91.131

Operations in Class B airspace.

§91.133

Restricted and prohibited areas.

§91.135

Operations in Class A airspace.

§91.137

Temporary flight restrictions in the vicinity of disaster/hazard areas.

§91.138

Temporary flight restrictions in national disaster areas in the State of Hawaii.

§91.139

Emergency air traffic rules.

§91.141

Flight restrictions in the proximity of the Presidential and other parties.

§91.143

Flight limitation in the proximity of space flight operations.

§91.144

Temporary restriction on flight operations during abnormally high barometric pressure conditions.

§91.145

Management of aircraft operations in the vicinity of aerial demonstrations and major sporting events.

§91.146

Passenger-carrying flights for the benefit of a charitable, nonprofit, or community event.

§91.147

Passenger carrying flights for compensation or hire.

§§91.148-91.149

[Reserved]

§91.151

Fuel requirements for flight in VFR conditions.

§91.153

VFR flight plan: Information required.

§91.155

Basic VFR weather minimums.

§91.157

Special VFR weather minimums.

§91.159

VFR cruising altitude or flight level.

§91.161

Special awareness training required for pilots flying under visual flight rules within a 60-nautical mile radius of the Washington, DC VOR/DME.

§§91.162-91.165

[Reserved]

§91.167

Fuel requirements for flight in IFR conditions.

§91.169

IFR flight plan: Information required.

§91.171

VOR equipment check for IFR operations.

§91.173

ATC clearance and flight plan required.

§91.175

Takeoff and landing under IFR.

§91.177

Minimum altitudes for IFR operations.

§91.179

IFR cruising altitude or flight level.

§91.180

Operations within airspace designated as Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum airspace.

§91.181

Course to be flown.

§91.183

IFR communications.

§91.185

IFR operations: Two-way radio communications failure.

§91.187

Operation under IFR in controlled airspace: Malfunction reports.

§91.189

Category II and III operations: General operating rules.

§91.191

Category II and Category III manual.

§91.193

Certificate of authorization for certain Category II operations.

§§91.195-91.199

[Reserved]

 

 

 

 

Subpart C - Equipment, Instrument, and Certificate Requirements

 

§91.201

[Reserved]

§91.203

Civil aircraft: Certifications required.

§91.205

Powered civil aircraft with standard category U.S. airworthiness certificates: Instrument and equipment requirements.

§91.207

Emergency locator transmitters.

§91.209

Aircraft lights.

§91.211

Supplemental oxygen.

§91.213

Inoperative instruments and equipment.

§91.215

ATC transponder and altitude reporting equipment and use.

§91.217

Data correspondence between automatically reported pressure altitude data and the pilot's altitude reference.

§91.219

Altitude alerting system or device: Turbojet-powered civil airplanes.

§91.221

Traffic alert and collision avoidance system equipment and use.

§91.223

Terrain awareness and warning system.

 

 

 

 

Subpart D - Special Flight Operations

 

§91.301

[Reserved]

§91.303

Aerobatic flight.

§91.305

Flight test areas.

§91.307

Parachutes and parachuting.

§91.309

Towing: Gliders and unpowered ultralight vehicles.

§91.311

Towing: Other than under 91.309.

§91.313

Restricted category civil aircraft: Operating limitations.

§91.315

Limited category civil aircraft: Operating limitations.

§91.317

Provisionally certificated civil aircraft: Operating limitations.

§91.319

Aircraft having experimental certificates: Operating limitations.

§91.321

Carriage of candidates in elections.

§91.323

Increased maximum certificated weights for certain airplanes operated in Alaska.

§91.325

Primary category aircraft: Operating limitations.

§91.327

Aircraft having a special airworthiness certificate in the light-sport category: Operating limitations.

 

 

 

Subpart E--MAINTENANCE, PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE, AND ALTERATIONS

 


§91.401

Applicability.

§91.403

General.

§91.405

Maintenance required.

§91.407

Operation after maintenance, preventive maintenance, rebuilding, or alteration.

§91.409

Inspections.

§91.410

[Reserved]

§91.411

Altimeter system and altitude reporting equipment tests and inspections.

§91.413

ATC transponder tests and inspections.

§91.415

Changes to aircraft inspection programs.

§91.417

Maintenance records.

§91.419

Transfer of maintenance records.

§91.421

Rebuilt engine maintenance records.

§§91.423-91.499

[Reserved]

 

 

 

Subpart F--LARGE AND TURBINE-POWERED MULTIENGINE AIRPLANES AND FRACTIONAL OWNERSHIP PROGRAM AIRCRAFT

 


§91.501

Applicability.

§91.503

Flying equipment and operating information.

§91.505

Familiarity with operating limitations and emergency equipment.

§91.507

Equipment requirements: Over-the-top or night VFR operations.

§91.509

Survival equipment for overwater operations.

§91.511

Communication and navigation equipment for overwater operations.

§91.513

Emergency equipment.

§91.515

Flight altitude rules.

§91.517

Passenger information.

§91.519

Passenger briefing.

§91.521

Shoulder harness.

§91.523

Carry-on baggage.

§91.525

Carriage of cargo.

§91.527

Operating in icing conditions.

§91.529

Flight engineer requirements.

§91.531

Second in command requirements.

§91.533

Flight attendant requirements.

§91.535

Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during aircraft movement on the surface, takeoff, and landing.

§§91.536-91.599

[Reserved]

 

 

 

Subpart G--ADDITIONAL EQUIPMENT AND OPERATING REQUIREMENTS FOR LARGE AND TRANSPORT CATEGORY AIRCRAFT

 


§91.601

Applicability.

§91.603

Aural speed warning device.

§91.605

Transport category civil airplane weight limitations.

§91.607

Emergency exits for airplanes carrying passengers for hire.

§91.609

Flight data recorders and cockpit voice recorders.

§91.611

Authorization for ferry flight with one engine inoperative.

§91.613

Materials for compartment interiors.

§§91.615-91.699

[Reserved]

 

 

 

Subpart H--FOREIGN AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS AND OPERATIONS OF U.S.-REGISTERED CIVIL AIRCRAFT OUTSIDE OF THE UNITED STATES; AND RULES GOVERNING PERSONS ON BOARD SUCH AIRCRAFT


§91.701

Applicability.

§91.702

Persons on board.

§91.703

Operations of civil aircraft of U.S. registry outside of the United States.

§91.705

Operations within airspace designated as Minimum Navigation Performance Specification Airspace.

§91.706

Operations within airspace designed as Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum Airspace.

§91.707

Flights between Mexico or Canada and the United States.

§91.709

Operations to Cuba.

§91.711

Special rules for foreign civil aircraft.

§91.713

Operation of civil aircraft of Cuban registry.

§91.715

Special flight authorizations for foreign civil aircraft.

§§91.717-91.799

[Reserved]

 

 

 

Subpart I--OPERATING NOISE LIMITS

 


§91.801

Applicability: Relation to part 36.

§91.803

Part 125 operators: Designation of applicable regulations.

§91.805

Final compliance: Subsonic airplanes.

§§91.807-91.813

[Reserved]

§91.815

Agricultural and fire fighting airplanes: Noise operating limitations.

§91.817

Civil aircraft sonic boom.

§91.819

Civil supersonic airplanes that do not comply with part 36.

§91.821

Civil supersonic airplanes: Noise limits.

§§91.823-91.849

[Reserved]

§91.851

Definitions.

§91.853

Final compliance: Civil subsonic airplanes.

§91.855

Entry and nonaddition rule.

§91.857

Stage 2 operations outside of the 48 contiguous United States.

§91.858

Special flight authorizations for non-revenue Stage 2 operations.

§91.859

Modification to meet Stage 3 or Stage 4 noise levels.

§91.861

Base level.

§91.863

Transfers of Stage 2 airplanes with base level.

§91.865

Phased compliance for operators with base level.

§91.867

Phased compliance for new entrants.

§91.869

Carry-forward compliance.

§91.871

Waivers from interim compliance requirements.

§91.873

Waivers from final compliance.

§91.875

Annual progress reports.

§91.877

Annual reporting of Hawaiian operations.

§§91.879-91.899

[Reserved]

 

 

Subpart J--WAIVERS


§91.901

[Reserved]

§91.903

Policy and procedures.

§91.905

List of rules subject to waivers.

§§91.907-91.999

[Reserved]

 

 


Subpart K--FRACTIONAL OWNERSHIP OPERATIONS


§91.1001

Applicability.

§91.1002

Compliance date.

§91.1003

Management contract between owner and program manager.

§91.1005

Prohibitions and limitations.

§91.1007

Flights conducted under part 121 or part 135 of this chapter.

§91.1009

Clarification of operational control.

§91.1011

Operational control responsibilities and delegation.

§91.1013

Operational control briefing and acknowledgment.

§91.1014

Issuing or denying management specifications.

§91.1015

Management specifications.

§91.1017

Amending program manager's management specifications.

§91.1019

Conducting tests and inspections.

§91.1021

Internal safety reporting and incident/accident response.

§91.1023

Program operating manual requirements.

§91.1025

Program operating manual contents.

§91.1027

Recordkeeping.

§91.1029

Flight scheduling and locating requirements.

§91.1031

Pilot in command or second in command: Designation required.

§91.1033

Operating information required.

§91.1035

Passenger awareness.

§91.1037

Large transport category airplanes: Turbine engine powered; Limitations; Destination and alternate airports.

§91.1039

IFR takeoff, approach and landing minimums.

§91.1041

Aircraft proving and validation tests.

§91.1043

[Reserved]

§91.1045

Additional equipment requirements.

§91.1047

Drug and alcohol misuse education program.

§91.1049

Personnel.

§91.1051

Pilot safety background check.

§91.1053

Crewmember experience.

§91.1055

Pilot operating limitations and pairing requirement.

§91.1057

Flight, duty and rest time requirements: All crewmembers.

§91.1059

Flight time limitations and rest requirements: One or two pilot crews.

§91.1061

Augmented flight crews.

§91.1062

Duty periods and rest requirements: Flight attendants.

§91.1063

Testing and training: Applicability and terms used.

§91.1065

Initial and recurrent pilot testing requirements.

§91.1067

Initial and recurrent flight attendant crewmember testing requirements.

§91.1069

Flight crew: Instrument proficiency check requirements.

§91.1071

Crewmember: Tests and checks, grace provisions, training to accepted standards.

§91.1073

Training program: General.

§91.1075

Training program: Special rules.

§91.1077

Training program and revision: Initial and final approval.

§91.1079

Training program: Curriculum.

§91.1081

Crewmember training requirements.

§91.1083

Crewmember emergency training.

§91.1085

Hazardous materials recognition training.

§91.1087

Approval of aircraft simulators and other training devices.

§91.1089

Qualifications: Check pilots (aircraft) and check pilots (simulator).

§91.1091

Qualifications: Flight instructors (aircraft) and flight instructors (simulator).

§91.1093

Initial and transition training and checking: Check pilots (aircraft), check pilots (simulator).

§91.1095

Initial and transition training and checking: Flight instructors (aircraft), flight instructors (simulator).

§91.1097

Pilot and flight attendant crewmember training programs.

§91.1099

Crewmember initial and recurrent training requirements.

§91.1101

Pilots: Initial, transition, and upgrade ground training.

§91.1103

Pilots: Initial, transition, upgrade, requalification, and differences flight training.

§91.1105

Flight attendants: Initial and transition ground training.

§91.1107

Recurrent training.

§91.1109

Aircraft maintenance: Inspection program.

§91.1111

Maintenance training.

§91.1113

Maintenance recordkeeping.

§91.1115

Inoperable instruments and equipment.

§91.1411

Continuous airworthiness maintenance program use by fractional ownership program manager.

§91.1413

CAMP: Responsibility for airworthiness.

§91.1415

CAMP: Mechanical reliability reports.

§91.1417

CAMP: Mechanical interruption summary report.

§91.1423

CAMP: Maintenance organization.

§91.1425

CAMP: Maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alteration programs.

§91.1427

CAMP: Manual requirements.

§91.1429

CAMP: Required inspection personnel.

§91.1431

CAMP: Continuing analysis and surveillance.

§91.1433

CAMP: Maintenance and preventive maintenance training program.

§91.1435

CAMP: Certificate requirements.

§91.1437

CAMP: Authority to perform and approve maintenance.

§91.1439

CAMP: Maintenance recording requirements.

§91.1441

CAMP: Transfer of maintenance records.

§91.1443

CAMP: Airworthiness release or aircraft maintenance log entry.

 

 

Subpart M--SPECIAL FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATIONS

 
Special Federal Aviation Regulation No. 112--Prohibition Against Certain Flights Within the Tripoli (HLLL) Flight Information Region (FIR).
Appendix
Appendix A to Part 91 --Category II Operations: Manual, Instruments, Equipment, and Maintenance
Appendix
Appendix B to Part 91 --Authorizations To Exceed Mach 1 ( 91.817)
Appendix
Appendix C to Part 91 --Operations in the North Atlantic (NAT) Minimum Navigation Performance Specifications (MNPS) Airspace
Appendix
Appendix D to Part 91 --Airports/Locations: Special Operating Restrictions
Appendix
Appendix E to Part 91 --Airplane Flight Recorder Specifications
Appendix
Appendix F to Part 91 --Helicopter Flight Recorder Specifications
Appendix
Appendix G to Part 91 --Operations in Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum (RVSM) Airspace

 

 

 
 
 
 

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